in Lockney, Texas on May 12, 1906, Ewing was the eldest
child of of large farming family in Floyd,
County. He was pioneering geophysicist, during his
career he published over 340 scientific papers.
He served as president of the American
Geophysical Union and the Seismological Society
of America. He led over 50 oceanic expeditions.
He made many contributions to oceanography,
including the discovery of the SOFAR Channel,
the invention of the sofar bomb, and did much
fundamental work on plate tectonics. He was the
chief scientist on board the Glomar Challenger.
He originated Project Mogul, an early program to
detect Soviet nuclear weapons tests. William Maurice
"Doc" Ewing died in Galveston, Texas May 4, 1974.