Chief Black Horse and the Last Indian
Raid in Texas
The last Indian raid in
Texas began when Black
Horse and his renegade band of Comanches, camped in Yellow House
Canyon in 1877 in Lubbock County to hunt buffalo. They ended up
hunting white buffalo hunters instead. When they
spotted buffalo hunter Marshall Sewell below the Caprock in Garza
County, they tortured and double-scalped Sewell before cutting open
his stomach and placing pieces of his rifle tripod in the wounds.
The murder was witnessed by another hunter and several skinners who
reported the atrocity at the nearest settlement of Rath City..
An enraged group of 46 men set out
from Rath City on March 4th to capture Black Horse and his band.
After killing a Comanche sentry at Buffalo Springs Lake they they found the
Black Horses campsite at a site now marked by Lubbock Lake. The
Texans attacked but were quickly forced to retreat after suffering a
dozen wounded or killed.
When word of the battle
reached Fort Griffin, Captain P.L. Lee reacted by going after Black
Horse and his Band with 72 "Buffalo Soldiers" of the 10th Cavalry.
They caught up with the Comanche's at Quemodo Lake in Cochran
County. A brief skirmish ensued which resulted in which the
Comanches surrendered and were returned to Fort Sill in Oklahoma.
Black Horse returned to the reservation and settled down for the
rest of his life. He died on the reservation at Cache, Oklahoma
Territory in 1900.